Directorate of Archaeology, Archives and Museums

Government of Madhya Pradesh


(354) Balleshwar Temple, Oon

Village Oon is situated about 17 km west of Khargone and bus facility to there is available from the district headquarters. During Paramara period the place was developed as a temple town.

khaThe east-facing temple is square in shape. Its garbha-griha is about 71 km below the ground reached by a flight of three steps. The garbha-griha enshrines a jaladhari, which has no Shivlinga. The dev kulikas in garbha-griha are carved with Alas nayikas. A plate on the temple depicts battle scenes. Another plate depicts an army on the march, soldiers riding horses, elephants as well as infantry. The third plate depicts maladharis.

The gate pillars of garbha-griha are carved with an image of Chaturbhuj Shiva in tribhanga mudra. The lintel piece is occupied by Ganesha. The sirdal portion is carved with figures of flying maladharis, vidyadhars and floral patterns. The top portion has saptamatrikas, Veenadhar Shiva, Ganesha and Shiva Natesh carved on it.

A rectangular antaral exists in front of garbha-griha. There is an inscription in Devnagari on the antaral and on the exterior wall, which mention the name of Vallabha, the son of Ahadhipati Paramara Udayaditya.

The temple plan is of Pancharathi style. The plinth is carved with figures of kirthimukha and floral patterns. Figures of saptamatrikas and ekadash rudras are carved in the niches on pillars. The jangha portion has images of Chamunda, Natesh and Tripurantak. The southern portion is carved with images of Varuna, northeastern portion has images of Indra and Vayu while the east northern portion is carved with an image of Ishan Shiva.

(355) Gauri Somnath Temple (10-11th century A.D.)

The plan of the temple consists of garbha-griha and sabha-mandapa. The sabha-mandapa is supported by many pillars and there are flights of steps on three sides to access it. A tortoise image exists in the center. The garbha-griha enshrines a huge stone Shivlinga. There is a flight of steps on one side to reach upto the high Shivlinga. There is arrangement for Abhishek. The temple was built by Gautma Bai, the wife of Malhar Rao I and a sabha-mandapa was constracted by Ahilya Bai and renovated by Krishnabai Maa Saheb (Holkar dynasty).

1 Ganesha Temple (18th century A.D.)

The Garbha-griha of the temple enshrines a colossal idol of Ganesha. The four arms of Ganesha hold akshamala, parashu, gajhasta mudra and modak patra, respectively. The padpatha is carved with a figure of mushak, the mount of Ganesha.

Besides, there are the Bhairav temple, Omakareshwar temple and a Digambar Jain temple in the viuinity.

(357) Kaleshwar Temple, Maheshwar

kha2Situated to the east of Jwaleshwar temple, this temple is made of sandstone. It is perched on the eastern mound of Mahaeshwari river. The plan consists of mandapa, sabha-mandapa and garbha-griha. The mandapa is based on four pillars. The vitan is carved with flowers. The sabha-mandapa is based on 12 pillars and including the pillars around it the number of pillars goes upto 22. The pillars are square and dome-shaped. The top is carved with the figure of an inverted bloomed lotus. The entrance of the temple was renovated in 1997 A.D. There are pedestals on both sides of the gate, which are devoid of idols. On the top of the left side pedestal a peacock is carved while on the right side a female figure is shown between and elephant couple.

The garbha-griha has also been renovated. An eight inch thick concrete wall has been built. The shikhar of garbha-griha is in the shape of a muskmelon and the garbha-griha enshrines a natural jaladhari Shivlinga. In front of it an image of sthanak Chatrubhuji Gauri is carved on a laghu manchika. Its arms hold akshamala, a Shivlinga on a lotus with stalk, Ganesha and kamandala, respectively. On both sides of the padpitha paricharikas are depicted holding chanwars. The drapery of Gauri image belongs to Maratha period.

On the shikhar of mandapa a kalash is built on a bloomed lotus. The shikhar of garbha-griha is made of bricks. The muskmelon shaped shikhar is carved with urushringas and amalak and below them are carved the figures of human, lotus and inverted kalash.

The temple was built around 11th century A.D. According to an inscription found here the temple was renovated during the reign of Emperor Akbar by Devdas Mandlaoi of Maheshwar in V.S. 1622 A.D.

(358) Jaleshwar Temple, Maheshwar


The plan of this east-facing temple consists of laghu Nandi mandapa and garbha-griha. The Nandi mandapa is based on two decorated pillars. The top portion of pillars is carved with atlantes of ordinary stone. The pillars are decorated with floral patterns and ghatikas. On the vitan laghu manchikas are built on both sides. Elephants engaged in duel are depicted above. A stone Nandi idol is installed in the mandapa.

The temple is divided into two portions. Upto jangha portion the temple is built o stones and the upper portion of bricks.

The garbha-griha is hexagonal and its upper portion is octagonal. The dome-shaped shikhar is made of lime and bricks. The garbha-griha enshrines a jaladhari Shivlinga. The laghu manchika opposite it is occupied by a marble image of Chaturbhuji Gauri, which is embellished by jata mukut, harawali, kamarbandha, bajuband, katak valaya, padap valay and a long vakshamala. Paricharikas are carved on both sides of padpitha. Built on a high mound the present temple is two-tiered. Probably, steps might have been built to reach the temple, which are now ruined. The brick built shikhar of the temple is now all but ruined.

According to Rewa Khand of the Skanda Purana, Lord Shiva threw the arm, which he used to kill Tripurasura in this Narmada water. The arm went down to the Rasatala after piercing the earth and from there a Vanalinga appeared. The temple is situated at that place.